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PROCEEDINGS

OF THE GENERAL MEETINGS FOR SCIENTIFIC BUSINESS

OF THE

ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY

O20 NDE,

1907, pp. 1-446.

(JANUARY—APRIL.)

PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY 20457438 AND SOLD AT THEIR HOUSE IN HANOVER-SQUARE,

LONDON:

MESSRS. LONGMANS, GREEN, AND €GQ,, PATERNOSTER ROW.

Aces Sill

OF THE

COUNCIL AND OFF I@RREs:

OF THE

ZOOLOGICAL

SOCIETY OF LONDON.

WOOK

COUNCIL.

His Grace THe Duke oF BeprorD, K.G., President.

Grorce A. BouLencer, Esq., F.R.S., Vice-President.

JOHN Rose Braprorp, Esq., WILDS; IDESCh, IeHSh. oes President.

F. Dawrrey Drewirr, Esq., |

M.A., M.D.

CHARLES Drummond, Treasurer.

Str Epwarp Duranp, Br., C.B.

F. Du Cane Gopman, Ksq., D.C.L., F.R.S., Vice-Presi- dent.

JOSEPH JACKSON ListER, Esq., M.A., F.R.S.

Sir EpmunpD Gites Lover, Br., Vice-President.

Pror. Epwarp ALFRED M1v- cuin, M.A.

Ksq.,

|

P. CHatmers MitcHey, Esq., MA. (DIS coins SHS Secretary.

W. R. Oaitvir-Grant, Esa.

ALBERT Pam, Esq.

E. Lort Puiwuirs, Esq.

Sir Parrick Puiayratr, C.1.E.

THE Hon. WALTER ROTHSCHILD, D.Sc., M.P.

Howarp Saunpers, Hsq., Vice- President.

Davin Seru-Smiru, Hsq.

OLDFIELD THomas, KEsq.,

A. Trevor-Battys, Esq., M.A.

Henry Woopwarp, Ksq., LL.D., F.R.S., Vice-President.

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS. P. CHatmers Mircnrett, M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., F.BS.,

Secretary.

Frank E. Bepparp, M.A., F.R.S8., Prosector. R. I. Pocock, F.L.8., Superintendent of the Gardens.

CHARLES Pathologist.

F. H. Waternouss, Librarian.

JoHN Barrow, Accountant. W. H. Cots, Chief Clerk.

GABRIEL SELIGMANN, M.R.CS.,

RAC as

GrorcGe ArtHur Dovusiepay, Clerk of Publications. ARTHUR THOMSON, Assistant Superintendent of the Gardens.

LIST OF CONTENTS.

1907, pp. 1-446.

January 15, 1907.

The Secretary. Report on the Additions to the Society’s Menagerie during the months of November and De- Gemlboer WO OG spas acer eyeysclck a cacleee re rar ege ce pice eens ame sms

Mr. Oldfield Thomas, F.R.S., F.Z.S. Description of a new Monkey from the Ituri Forest. (Plate I.) ...............

1. On a Collection of Mammals made by Dr. Vassal in Annam. By J. Lewis Bonnore, M.A., F.LS., F.Z8. (Bibi ire Ul) pears ARs SMR UB Oe ane ae aes enP One Aloe Sa Or Pose 03

2. On the Bleating” or ‘“ Drumming” of the ee (Gallinago celestis). By P. H. Baur, B.A., F.ZS. .

3. Contributions to the Knowledge of the Systematic Arrangement and Anatomy of certain Genera and Species of Squamata. By Frank E. Bepparp, M.A., BUR: Se eerosecsorsortive: SoOcietige.s-6. dae ace eteen eee

4, A List of Moths of the Family Pyralide collected by A. E. Pratt in British New Guinea in 1902-3, with Descriptions of new Species. By Grorce H. Kenrick,

F.Z.S. (Plates IIT. & TRV SaaS ten tine Senin ten ce b ies oa ob a 2

Page

12

30

68

1V

5. On some new and insufficiently known Species of Mar- moset Monkeys from the Amazonian Region. By Prof. Dr. Emit A. Gorupt, C.M.Z.S., Director of the Para Museum

SO oe mee reese meee eee sees eseeeees es esaeeeesseseeresssersvsesee

February 5, 1907.

Mr. F. Martin Duncan. | Cinematograph exhibition of Animals in the Society's Gardens and other Zoological SIU OU I STCUS arlene ere tie) CRD CPP Ee AREA nA ShE let ac .509

Mr. Oldfield Thomas, F.R.S., F.Z.S. Exhibition of a collec- tion of Mammals and Birds from the Islands of Saghalien and Hokkaido

Cem ee mew twee mes wesc eee neers ease eee se ese ese es teserene

Dr. W. T. Calman, F.Z.8. Notice of a paper on New or Rare Crustacea of the Order Cumacea from the Collection of the Copenhagen Museum

1; The Origin of the Lateral Horns of the Giraffe in Fetal Life on the Area of the Parietal Bones. By E. Ray Lanxester, M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., F.R.S., F.Z.S., Director of the Natural History Departments of the British Museum

2. Parallel Hair-fringes and Colour-striping on the Face of Fetal and Adult Giraffes. By E. Ray Lanxsster, MA’, DSc., UE.D., EF.R.S:, F:Z.8., Director of the British Museum (Natural History). (Plate V.)

3. On the Existence of Rudimentary Antlers in the Okapi. By E. Ray Lanxester, M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., F.R.S., F.Z.S., Director of the British Museum (Natural History). ((Bbites VAI GG BY Wi th PP Ok He kine ah a aA

4. Description of Hyla resinifictrix Goeldi, a new Amazonian Tree-Frog peculiar for its Breeding-habits. By Prof. Dr. Emmi A. Gortp1, C.M.Z.8., Director of the Para Museum

5. The Duke of Bedford’s Zoological Exploration in Eastern ~, Asia,—IIT. On Mammals obtained by Mr. M. P. Anderson in the Philippine Islands. By Otprieip MroMAS, HORS. EeZis.

Page

100

100

100

100

115

135

February 19, 1907. |

The Secretary. Report on the Additions to the Society’s Menagerie during the month of January 1907

Dr. C. I. Forsyth Major, F.Z.8. Exhibition of remains of a Bear trounan Cay ernie Consicay nese crre eee enn 1. On English Domestic Cats. By R. I. Pocock, F.LS., F.Z.8., Superintendent of the Zoological Society’s Gardens. (Plates VITI.—X.)

eee et eee ree eee estes eee ses eseseee

2. Report on Deaths occurring in the Society’s Menagerie during 1906. By C. G. Srniemann, M.D., F.ZS., Pathologist to the Society

Pepe meee eee e enero reese reese sereeseese

3. On a peculiarly Abnormal Specimen of Turbot. By J. T. CunnincHam, M.A., F.Z.S8. (Plate XI.)

eee eee reece se esece

4. On the Azygos Veins in the Mammalia. By Frank E. Bepparp, M.A. (Oxon.), F.R.S., Prosector to the Society

5. Ideas on the Origin of Flight. By Dr. Baron Francis Nopcsa

March 5, 1907.

The Hon. Walter Rothschild, M.P., F.Z.8. Exhibition of a mountedyspecmmenior a) Govillaigetacac-acesa-i crise cee se

1. Descriptions of a new Species and two new Subspecies of Antelopes and a new Sheep. By the Hon. Water RopHscHiED Mims (Phas sHI ZR Stee ge oiiy. ds ceeaeaectias setae

2. On Elephant Remains from Crete, with Description of Hlephas creticus, sp. n. By Dorornna M. A. Bare. (Plates XII. & XIII.)

eee eee etme etree reser eons ee ess sess ees assoee

3. Zoological Results of the Third Tanganyika Expedition,

Page

143

168 174

181,

237

237

238

conducted by Dr. W. A. Cunnington, 1904—1905.— »

Report on the Polyzoa. By Cuarztes F. Rovusseer, FRLMS. (Plates @kViGiXVs)08 te. Ae aelee tenes

V1

4. Zoological Results of the Third Tanganyika Expedition, conducted by Dr. W. A. Cunnington, 1904-1905.— Report on the Brachyurous Crustacea. By Wrixiam A. Cunnineton, B.A., Ph.D., F.Z.S. (Plates XVI. & XVIT.)

Ome mee w et eee eet eee reer reese een e te essere een eee ener ete seesu eee

5. On Two new Species of the African Genus Microchetus belonging to the Collection of Oligocheta in the Museum of Christiania. By Frank EH. Bepparp, M.A., F.R.S., Prosector to the Society

March 19, 1907.

The Secretary. Report on the Additions to the Society’s Menagerie during the month of February 1907 ......... Mr. Herbert F. Standing. Notice of a Memoir on recently discovered Subfossil Prosimiz from Madagascar

eee ee eeee

1. Descriptions of some New Species of Animal Parasites. By L. W. Sampon, M.D., F.Z.8.

2. Descriptions of five New Species of Hemogregarines from Snakes. By L. W. Sampon, M.D., F.Z.S., and C. G. Seviemann, M.D., F.Z.8.

ii ii i i ii i i iii i aii ai ee ay

3. The Rudd Exploration of South Africa—VII. List of Mammals obtained by Mr. Grant at Coguno, Inhambane. By Ouprietp Tuomas, F.R.S., F.Z.S., and R. C. Wrovuenton, F.Z.S.

April 9, 1907.

Mr. R. I. Pocock. Exhibition of a photograph and the skull of a specimen! of Pallas’s Cat that had recently died in the Menagerie, with general remarks on the species

1. On a small Collection of Fishes made in the Eastern Watershed of the Transvaal by Capt. G. E. Bruce. By G. A. Bounencrr, F.R.S., F.Z.S. (Plates XVIII. & XIX.)

2. On the Winter Habits of the Greater Horseshoe, Rhino- lophus ferrum-equinwm (Schreber), and other Cave- haunting Bats. By T. A. Cowarp, F,Z.8. ...............

Page

258

277

281

28}

283

285

-. 2M)

307

vil Page 3. Notes upon the Anatomy of aSpecies of Frog of the Genus Megalophrys, with references to other Genera of Batrachia. By Frank E. Bepparp, M.A., F.RS., Erosector toute; Society mn-reneeceeeeceai-sndassocse ae 324

4. Contributions to the Osteology of Birds.—Part IX. Tyranni; Hirundines; Muscicape, Lani, and G'ymno- nhines., ByaNVis Be Py Crani kh Anse eAelunS OCC mesa -ee ae 352

April 23, 1907.

The Secretary. Report on the Additions to the Society’s Menagerie during the month of March 1907 ............ 319

Dr. A. Smith Woodward, F.R.S., F.Z.S. Exhibition of a malformed antler of the Red Deer ....................000000% 380

Mr. R. I. Pocock. Exhibition of a model of the African J Dlg lave at Go 0 Xs dee RP ARE irri, ocs ooceb accsucdscmoretoe’ 380

Mr. C. J. With. Notice of a Memoir entitled “* An Account of the South-American Cheliferine in the Collections of the British and Copenhagen Museums” .................. 380

1. The Ears as a Race-Character in the African Elephant. BR Sb yD ORE ie said nis ain ie Sager n ete acne stele aeieotenbercine mses 380

2. The Duke of Bedford’s Zoological Exploration in Eastern Asia.—IV. List of small Mammals from the Islands of Saghalien and Hokkaido. By OuprreLtp Tuomas, F.R.S., F.Z.S. (With Appendix on the Cold-blooded Verte- brates, by G. A. Bounencer, F.R.S., F.Z.8.)............... 404

3. On some new Species of Earthworms of the Family Kudrilide, belonging to the Genera Polytoreutus, Neu- mannielia, and Hminoscolex, from Mt. Ruwenzori. By RANKS Hee BEDDARDs UV AY. THES user io: asee sda seeene aces A415

4. Some Notes on Hybrid Bears. By Henry SCHERREN, BWA cgrtae reno s acide ices notte Na tlea har vst sls Vaccines snaee eee 431

hs che

INIGIB BONING Lid

OF THE

CONTRIBUTORS,

With References to the several Articles contributed by each.

1907, pp. 1-446. pp

Page Baur, Purip Hernricn, B.A., F.Z.8. On the “Bleating” or Drumming” of the Snipe (Gallinage cochestis) .....0......ccsceuecee neces nen ene eenneceentees 12 Bare, Miss Dororuea M. A. On Elephant Remains from Crete, with Description of Elephas creticus, sp. n. (Plates XII. & XIII.) ...........: 238 Bepparp, Frank E., M.A., F.R.S., Prosector to the Society. Contributions to the Knowledge of the Systematic Arrangement and Anatomy of certain Genera and Species Fok. Sofuaniarbaly eerste siesta os Leet vealed 30 On the Azygos Veins in the Mammalia ............-..++- 181

On Two new Species of the African Genus Microchetus belonging to the Collection of Oligochzta in the Museum Of Christiania. «acaeaesedsdesapoedsanseee Sasdacetemeesesen gene ee ee. SET

x Bepparp, Frank E. (Continued.)

Notes upon the Anatomy of a Species of Frog of the Genus Megalophrys, with references to other Genera of IBEW A GX 0) 00 nar neat RMR ear MOE ator ons sAhdsea sec odoox

On some new Species of Earthworms of the Family Hudrilide, belonging to the Genera Polytoreutus, New- manniella, and Hminoscolex, from Mt. Ruwenzori

Bonuote, J. Lewis, M.A., F.LS., F.Z.8.

On a Collection of Mammals made by Dr. Vassal in Aeninrermmy (@Plaibe ET, \? oo Seca) een: Seren eee Ut). 9

Bou.encer, Grorce AuBert, F.R.S., V.P.Z.S.

On a small Collection of Fishes made in the Eastern Watershed of the Transvaal by Capt. G. E. Bruce. (Plates XVIII. & XIX.)

Bee www eee eet were re eee e er esse se en sesene

On the Cold-blooded Vertebrates of the Islands of Saghalien and Hokkaido. See THomas, OLDFIELD.

Catman, WittiAm Tuomas, D.Sc., F.Z.S., of the British Museum (Natural History).

Notice of a paper on New or Rare Crustacea of the Order Cumacea from the Collection of the Copenhagen Museum: e222 eek) Re RY a ey I

CowarpD, THomas ALFRED, F.Z.S.

On the Winter Habits of the Greater Horseshoe, Lhinolophus ferrum-equinum (Schreber), and other Cave- hauintns Bats) 4h sees ckicclsncus dst aT ee ee

CUNNINGHAM, JosepH THomas, M.A., F.Z.S.

On a peculiarly Abnormal Specimen of Turbot. (Plate XCM), 3:3... 385 das fede eae = gee ee

Page

415

307

100

312

x) CuUNNINGTON, WiLLIAM ALFRED, B.A., Ph.D., F.Z.S.

Zoological Results of the Third Tanganyika Expedi- tion, conducted by Dr. W. A. Cunnington, 1904-1905. —Report on the Brachyurous Crustacea. (Plates XVI. gC 2 I) es ie Re coro cn tL A oe ee

Duncan, F. Martin.

Cinematograph exhibition of Animals in the Society’s Gardens and other Zoological Subjects

GoEtp1, Prof. Dr. Emi A., C.M.ZS.

On some new and insufficiently known Species of Mar- moset Monkeys from the Amazonian Region

Description of Hyla resinifictria Goeldi, a new Ama- zonian 'Tree-Frog peculiar for its Breeding-habits

Kenrick, Grorce Hamiuron, F.Z.S.

A List of Moths of the Family Pyralide collected by A. EK. Pratt in British New Guinea in 1902-3, with Descriptions of new Species. (Plates III. & IV.).........

Lankssrer, Sir Epwin Ray, K.C.B., M.A., D.Sc., LL.D., F.R.S., Director of the British Museum (Natural History).

The Origin of the Lateral Horns of the Giraffe in Foetal Life on the Area of the Parietal Bones ............

Parallel Hair-fringes and Colour-striping on the Face of Fetal and Adult Giraffes. (Plate V.) ...............08.

On the Existence of Rudimentary Antlers in the Okapi. (WHEE a iaiwin WAUL5) gaoesbuccedesbeccooocba64 oogucosboaedddiconde

Page

258

100

88

135

68

100

xil Lyprexxer, Ricuarp, B.A., F.R.S., F.Z.S.

The Ears as a Race-Character in the African Elephant

Magor, Dr. C. I. Forsyru, F.Z.S.

Exhibition of remains of a Bear from a Cavern in Corsica

Si) =heiesele.2)\2/.eie)s) aces ie ie)alaralei=)\sieleleleiele/e)\ele\s!a 0/6 o/slelle/«ielelalelsisisselalalelereienerehciniatctate

MircHEtt, Peter CHALMERS, M.A., DSe., LD. F.R:S., Secretary to the Society.

Report on the Additions to the Society’s Menagerie during the months of November and December, 1906

eeceee

Report on the Additions to the Society’s Menagerie during the month of January 1907

Cece er cece reese esse secs eces

Report on the Additions to the Society’s Menagerie during the month of February 1907

Cece rsescesesvecesscssvesece

Report on the Additions to the Society’s Menagerie during the month of March 1907

Seer cee errors so recess esses cene

Norcsa, Dr. Baron Francis.

Ideas on the Origin of Flight

Set eee ee sere secsccccre esse nsec

Pocock, Reervaup Iynzs, F.L.S., F.Z.8., Superintendent. of the Gardens.

On English Domestic Cats. (Plates VIII.-X.).........

Exhibition of a photograph and the skull of a specimen of Pallas’s Cat that had recently died in the Menagerie, with general remarks on the species

ers eeeeercccoereesaovess

Exhibition of a model of the African Elephant “« Jumbo

see ee oes e ses cescceresesesessovrersseesoceresocssceeesse essences

Page

380

143

281

379

223

143

299

Xi

Page Pycrarr, WitLIAM Puaneg, F.Z.8., A.L.S8., of the British Museum (Natural History).

Contributions to the Osteology of Birds.—Part IX. Tyrannt; Hirundines; Muscicape, Lanti, and Gymno- WIUATUCS:: sks. SMa SEN ets VN SOE RT Re TN REDE Ret Sk AR APL 352

Roruscuitp, The Hon. L. Watrer, M.P., D.Sc., Ph.D., E.Z8.

Exhibition of a mounted specimen of a Gorilla ...... 237

Descriptions of a new Species and two new Subspecies Ot AMIE DES cinl Er SINEEO ooncoossdesosceonnuosoacss0e 6 Sead

RovussELET, CHARLES F., F.R.M.S.

Zoological Results of the Third Tanganyika Expedition, conducted by Dr. W. A. Cunnington, 1904—1905,— Report Gin Woe) IHolbywor,. (Ede NsGiss SUING ay DW ons easodoereenace: 250

Sampon, L. W., M.D., F.ZS.

Descriptions of some New Species of Animal Parasites. 282

Sampon, L. W., M.D., F.Z.8., and Seuiegmann, C. G., M.D., E.Z.8., Pathologist to the Society.

Descriptions of five New Species of Hemogregarines EPROM SMA ROS Me eee ste arlene hole ieee eee lata se sas dala hela ae aun Sa: 283

ScHERREN, Henry, F.Z.S8.

Some sNoteston aly bridmbearcm eae era eee ee ee 431

XIV Seviemann, C. G., M.D., F.Z.8., Pathologist to the Society.

Report on Deaths occurring in the Society’s Menagerie Glpiaine? IMG ope seadessnnesdoasbenssbenouadde cose | codudasdnscssnnoc0s

Seriemann, C. G., M.D,, F.Z.8., Pathologist to the Society, and Samson, L. W., M.D., F.Z.S.

Descriptions of five New Species of Hemogregarines

from Snakes..... Sr ROE NS IE la crc SO RE 3

Sranpine, Herpert F., M.Sc.

Notice of a Memoir on recently discovered Subfossil

TPrpogiraes tort INENORYSEING A 5 occccebacucco does apcocs00n030006

Tuomas, OLDFIELD, F.R.S., F.Z.S8.

Description of a new Monkey from the Ituri Forest. (Plate VL.) 2.........ce0 seen ee cee tee tee ee ccee eters cents ectesecaeeeners

Exhibition of a collection of Mammals and Birds from

the Islands of Saghalien and Hokkaido .....................

The Duke of Bedford’s Zoological Exploration in Eastern Asia.—III. On Mammals obtained by Mr. M. P. Anderson in the Philippine Islands7..5..2.......0.......--

The Duke of Bedford’s Zoological Exploration in Eastern Asia. —IV. List of small Mammals from the Islands of Saghalien and Hokkaido. (With Appendix on the Cold-blooded Vertebrates, by G. A. Bov.encrr, TRISH AISE)) Scone vengspeusaaonocodsc0:-. he aise

‘Tomas, OLDFIELD, F.R.S., F.Z.S., and Wrovueuton, R. C., F.Z.S8.

The Rudd Exploration of South Africa,—VIT. List of Mammals obtained by Mr. Grant at Coguno, Inhambane.

Page

168

283

281

bo

100

140

404

285

KV Wirn, C. J., of Copenhagen.

Notice of a Memoir entitled “*An Account of the South-American Cheliferine in the Collections of the British and Copenhagen Museums tl a, se Ree ee

Woopwarp, Artuur Suiru, F.R.S., F.Z.S., Keeper of the Geological Department of the British Museum.

Exhibition of a malformed antler of the Red Deer

eeeees

Wrovueuton, R. C., F.Z.S., and Tuomas, OLDFIELD, F.R.S., E.Z8.

The Rudd Exploration of South Africa—VII. List of Mammals obtained by Mr. Grant at Coguno. Inhambane.

380

380

285

Plate I. VI. TI. | IV.) We VI. Vii. VILLI. TN Xe MUL ae SS TUUL IOV {| Xv-} XVI.

XVII.

XVIII. XIX.

Proc.

LIST OF PLATES.

190i pps Elo:

Page Cercopithecus dentt 2.0.2.0 ecu ce esse cc essere ete 2 NycEicebUs PYGMEUS 2.256. 0 cece eset et te ees 3 Pyralidee from British New Guinea .........+++..0-+> 68 Head of a Fetal Giraffe (half the natural size) ......-- 115 torn=tipsy orm Okerpietrs eet iarier so co vsatolee: (198 Young Ossicone or Horn of Okapi..........-+. 200000 Fi Blotched Tabby, Felis catus ......--..e eset ] Striped Tabby, Felis torquata ..........00 sees beeen , 143

Agriotypes of the Striped Tabby

Nbnormal VouneMurbot 2: 4. oti et 174 Elephant Remains from Crete........00.+.s.-eee eres 238 Tanganyika Polyzoa ........--.0-ee eee eer s teens 250

1. Potamen (Potamonautes) orbitospinus. 2-7. Antennal Region of various Potamonidee .......-..--+++++> A

1&3. Potamon (Potumonautes) platynotus. 2 & 4. Platy- | a thelphusa conculeata. 5 & 6. Platythelphusa maculata

1. Barbus bructt. 2. B. sector... 00.0. cee e nese sence | «

Varicorhinus brucit . 6.0... eect ees: \

Foou. Sov.— 1907. h

Vial) ibn cca ae: en ‘lib Res dept sgn

yeti! Mirksiies

me

ae, Bi oe ie

re Ey atten

eect pest | “hh pdt A 6 oO vabinalatiagl ff. ee Cee sn a

Das) ot Mee ee

C2 bo

LIS? OF TEXT-FIGURES.

1907, pp. 1-446.

. Palatal view of skull of Nycticebus pygmeus.. cc... ceveen. . Lateral view of skull of Mycticebus pygmeus... 0... cece eee . a. Snipe bleating, showing characteristic position. 6, Formation

Oli tallbaszordimeanilw ibe! deinetic: hime re teenie

. Varieties of outer tail-feathers of Gallinago cwlestis ........ . a, Dorsal view of musculature of tail of Snipe. 6. Ventral

view of musculature of tail of Snipe ...............00008

. A. Half of tail of Gallinago celestis from without inwards

left to right. B. Half of tail of G. delicata from without inwards left to right. C. Half of tail of G. gullinula ......

. A. Section of two rami of a feather showing interlocking of

distal and proximal radii. B. Ramus of Gallinago celestis, showing proximal and distal rows of radii. C. Distal radius of G. celestis. D. Proximal radius. E, Distal radius of

middle-tail feathers of G. calestis.........0. cc eves seeeees

8. A. Half of tail of Gailinge major from without inwards left to right. B. Half of tail of G. nobilis from without inwards

left to might ©: Elalfion tailot Ge stenw@ 55.0405

9, a. Tail of Gallinago solitaria. 6. Tail of G. megala ........ 10. Lung of Chameleon verrucosus, entire ........000 0. eevee ie Wune ot Chameleonidilepis entire wens. + ssc ls. eee 12. Lung of Chameleon parvilobus, opened longitudinally ........ 13. Lung of Chameleolis, opened longitudinally ................ 14, A. Stomach and pancreas of Chameleolis. B. Dorsal aorta ATG MAMIE Deine ENE No LE BWasbaeoeseoedul si cow we awe l5eMkgua sconcowdes Weadand meck sai j4. 2 oes 16, A portion of the trachea, the bronchi, and the upper parts of

the lungs of Heloderma, fvom the dorsal side ..............

Page 5

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. Pancreas, gall-bladder, &c., of Varanus niloticus, to show the course of the bile-ducts .......... a haa pial ele Sata ea GI tice 64 IDO) LE [Arie WIS CMO OTOCHOHIES. ooo co ne@adounsoobannebasor 65 PUG SOL WAKAWUS GIUSEUS). .. «5. o)eeMeenne anon oe eae eae 66 Mbackeviewsothead Olu VVd as C/(OUtes ime aetna 89 Mehack views of headuot Midas 7 /Ucentcrassmr ere eee 6 Gil A Backvie, of lead of Mudasigniscoventea 1. eee seer 93 milileadsote Midas nye ator |. sateen 94

. Lateral view of the skull and lower jaw of a very youny

Giralle. sis wane ero anes eee © Pongtie aeep aan 101

, Lateral view of the skull of a Giraffe, about two-thirds grown. 102 26. View from above of the fronto-parietal region of the skull of a

WEIAP ROUTES EDN RNIE Rea gaoo suo dando ds cl Gon OO HdMmaD eo bG oA. 102

. View from above of the fronto-parietal region of the skull of an

duane tute MO Ka pi wis aveieraagueva tse, asa tor occ usteenemetewerstate terete suelo seecett 103

28. Sagittal section through the bony tissue of the ossicone and

the roof of the skull of a very young Giratfe .............. 104

. Copy of the drawing of a sagittal section through the ossicone

and the roof of the skull of a newly-born Giraffe, published by the late Sir Richard Owen in the Trans. Zool. Soc. 1840.. 104

. Drawing of the right side of the head of the fcetal Giraffe

described in the text .......:....... BASES. 6 SOR wae 106

Uhesleic shormesoiethe) tcetalmGntalcmnn tyne irre eo nian ot 107 . Diagram to show the flattened plate-like form smi the

orientation of the horns ef the foetal Giraffe .............. 108

33. Skull of Giraffe....showing the directions in which the

Slut welsh CULM: fraatre fea Deocaerensrn catnenewes cisia jes Rerpiere Meets 110

. View, looking forwards, of the skull cut in the direction of

ivory 424 a WORE SECM SE CMbiclke asa wa occ onesies codahblds Dak dil

. Drawing, of the natural size, of a young foetal skull of a

(CHIPTEHE Reta ae eS eR amen ae aes aR ake cha Bis Hines ers Se ey nae 112 Diagram to show the various positions on the frontal bone at which the bony horn-cores of the Cavicorn and Cervine Tuminants may take them erowth\..- s-)) e eee reece - 114 Left side of the head of the foetal Giraffe described, showing colour-stripes on the snout and above and below the eye.... 115

. Section across three dark-coloured bands above the eye of the

foetal Giraffe, showing three longitudinal furrows or de- pressions in transverse section corresponding to the dark

WHC mc oeadescetesero vos cs ado essen seovsdbecosagmaaE 116 Section of the skin of the frontal region of the foetal Giraffe, showing threesizes Of Waits Terr miele elaine ela aie-/ ( Lily

Surface-view of banded “pelage”’ of the frontal region of foetal Giraffe, showing the convergence of the hairs at the three longitudinal Tiana Oi Gawd ayyOCRMNNOS 5 ocdococsod.essccnce 118

An enlarged drawing of a single hair of average size ofr om the frontal region of an adult Giraffe, showing the ‘dark pigmented free extremity and the opaque white lower DOAN “S sueuees 119

42.

y ; Colour-striping on the face of a Somali-land Beant . chain teegiiths 124 . The same specimen as that shown in text-fig. 47, with colour

XX1 Page Colour-striping on the face of an adult male Giraffe from Kordofanvirraa i) 4. ae ey Sepak st, Atl areecare Hiaiith 120

. Colour-striping on the face of an adult female Giraffe from

ond ofan ree Oy Soy Pay hou edo ceaneapebisieh aisha bis 120

. Colour-striping on the Anas al Giraffa ae dalis cottont

from: Mitz HleonsUWeanday icy anne RU avant ata Ay

: Colour-striping on th face and muzzle ofa a Thaiernsel Giraffe... 122 . The same specimen as that shown in text-fig. 45, with colour

OMMUETERE: Aye Ye). CON aeaee Bvt capay betas Fe Reet ee ile

Onna GS Pea ol I SRS. 8 Nk CRY EN) ecu NURS ea ie HERR 124

. Drawing of a fore and aft section through the tip of the ossicone

of amt adults Okapi | Ase A) eects: & skaters byevenateverenne as tasers acer 126

5), Rudimentary free ossicone of hemispherical shape from the skin overlying the frontal bossed region of the skull of an Okapitofethe broud-siculleditype) Wank aes see aces niet 128

51. Section of the ossicusp drawn in text-fig. 50, to show the

In{coOmlpleter ossilie sti Om mej vecvalss 9 -)-Naate ene enekeielsy siotaet ate cist etele 128

52. Bisected horn-tip of the Edinburgh Okapi...............055 13L

53. Section of half of the same ‘Waecal OMM=bip Ns. 1 « 131

64. Drawing of the right ossicone of the Okapi brought by Capt. Boyd Alexander “Fhonin the Welle River ...... Maint: tovetoers 154

55. Section through the tip of the same specimen to show the incomplete trabeculated Ossification’............---.s++5+- 134

DGwerylal resinafict) Uy Mule wit acts ei qumGics shiseier ni eke a aye 136

is Jalil Tay vonee (Cheerenarnes@) a8 s auoercokceseeoun aud 137

58. Breeding-basin of Myla resinifictrix: (A) side view, and (B) OOM) (Chien TMG) 2 oo oe Soe Ue bo od od 5544506 voueS a 158

59. Breeding-basin of Hyla resinifictria, seen from above ..... oe ltd

60. Diagram of the Pattern of the Blotched Tabby (Felis catus) .. 154

61. Aorta of Tiger, showing several aneurysms ............ So te. LEG

G2wAZyeos vems.ol Cenvicapia Donota. ses ee ass ia- Seetatiel to atniolels 186

Gay Aayeos veins of GarellaneiGhone wniiiiess “ii. - its lreers iets sa 187

64. Azygos veins of Phacocherus ethiopicus.... 0.0.0.0 eceee snes 189

65. Azyvos veins of Tragulus menwnnd). 0.0605. o ce tweens 191

66. Hyrax capensis; two different arrangements of azygos system. 194

Gi Azye0s veins Of Lrvnaceus agus) J... o-tiriansr ais 196

GSH AZygosiOn Ge ANCrOcuba, Wn acto a twle SIP) « di-siewinle: «Weyl tae 199

69. Azygos of Crossarchus ohscurus .......+... siiaeval avec eens .. 200

70. Azygos veins of Halmaturus bennett .........0.0..20 ee cease 203

71. Azygos veins of Phascolomys mitchellt ........0.ssecvevees 204

(Pe ENA) veils Ol JESUP INGEN. 1) 5 oo BD bens au eno uo a Seo 211

73. Lateral view of the thoracic region of newly born Myopotamus COU PU wa « sohansrent eee mtcR Neier dee) a Seater et Nelen ee tiedeine caeF. Meena a Sr alsa 214

74. Hind limb at Diangimhodor Peas ee te eaeen ee eng Samia 4) DO

“ow blind limbs on Rhamprorymenuss Wiz. aeiee atest! ths eis 225

AGsullingdslim'a Ob Pia acany ism ose Rene ars ae ait retasts 226

XXIl

Page (i odind timbyot Wyetodactylus 0)... ee. 227 (37 Hindllimbsok Hipposiderus —)......). eee net ee 30 (OmEindlimbrot Ornichomiumus sso 0. 2) se. ee eee eye, On 80. Hind limbs of Dipus (left) and Alactaya (right) ............ 232 ily [altos Whirl) ore UA ACA COED Jobb bobcs cua bagdsonassdansen 233 82. Hypothetical reconstruction of a running Pro-Avis” ...... 235 85. Right mandibular ramus of Elephas antiquus (?) bearing two lower:molars’ Zan. ¢. aaa Mee es oct eee 245 84, Platythelphusa armata, large male ...........00-000ceecaes 269 80: Micracketusicollctiy a nee ee ee, ee ee 278 BONUMicrochelusiZulicnsisi ie. eh anes eaten 280 Oe Helis maniiean scat are eee 6 cB rar 55 300 88. Skull of Felis manu!, view from above .............0000008 304. Go” Skullloterelsunanulssideicw eae ee ee 305 SO Barbus polylends: 1a a Geay Ce amen cerns 2 ern ots RE 308 Oy Gonbusrelephuntis® hoe). (en eee ee oe OO, 92, Palmar surface of hand and foot of Me Halonney VS WOBHED eens o 326 93. Part of dorsal musculature of Wegalophrys nasuta............ 302 94, Some of the dorsal muscles of Rana gunpyt ...............- 333 95. A dissection of Pelobates fuscus, to show large cesophageal sheet ot thestransyerselich see nnn e cn 304 96. Some of the dorsal muscles of Ceratophrys orndta .......... 336 ine klvoid tof Megalophnys nasutcmne teen 341 98. The cesophageal sheet of transversalis muscle in Megalophrys OSES 65 85 ce MONT Sb B1e CRE RE RT En ete 346 99, Liver and adjacent viscera of Rana guppyt ....... cee cee ees 349 OOO viductotMegalopinysacasuta mee ee ee ee 350 101. Lateral aspects of the skulls of :—a. Gymnorhina organicum.

b. Laniarius poliocephalus. e. Sayornts cineracea ........ 355

. Ventral aspects of the skulls of :—a. Artamus leucogaster.

b. Sayornis cineracea. cc. Terpsiphone. 4d. Pitta baudi.

e. Vireolanius leucotes. {. Vireo olivaced ...............- 362 103. Ventral aspects of the skulls of :—a. Zanius collurio. b. Bas a- disea raygiana. c. Gymnorhina organicum................ 363 104. Phylogenetic tree indicating the probable relationships of the Passeres Oligomyodii and Diacromyodii .................. 377 105, Head of the Addo Bush, or East Cape Elephant (Hlephas G/PUCANUS ICAPENSIS) «2. e714. Se ee, 383 106. Head of Female West Cape Blephant (Elephas africanus SOU EES EOE AS DORE EM RA. fs Acs 5 63-0. .n:6.0 080-Ao RE 385 107. Head of Male West Cape Elephant (lephas africanus OUR ES) PRE AIAN Pee TR AMADA IN cc rh cin Gobioes Ad Chere 386 108. Head of Male Mashonaland Elephant (Elephas africanus BELOUSL) a, SN, Fake Ie SORES ARE eee ree tere emt th 387 109. Right Ear of Male Mashonaland Elephant (Elephas africanus SCLOUSD La ee ha Shia ence La ee ane: 388 110. Head of Male Elephant from Swaziland .................. 389 111. Right Ear of the Congo Elephant (Zlephas africanus cyclotis?). 390

XX1ll

Page 112. Head of a Male Elephant from North-west Rhodesia ........ 391

113. Head of Male Elephant from Fort Manning, N.E. Rhodesia (Hlephas afiracanus knochenhawert?) .....5..g..-+-s02++-- 392

114. Head of Male Elephant from the Aberdare Mountains, British Wast, Autica rants: os s)s ac naeonrame Renan rience a oth sald ~- 393

115. Head of Male Elephant from the Lake Rudolf District (Zlephas AFTICONUS COVENGISHE)) io an cheEd SOTA ames eS roca, 8 ett 394

116. Head of the “Queen’s Elephant,” an immature Male Sudan Hlephant, (sage ..cc ed 5) ete eR eer ae eerie. 396

117. Right Ear of a Male Sudan Elephant (Llephas africanus OCU OLISI) Ys, she sie eons So Whey lag sno aah ees ETA RI La NRE RS = 397

118. Right Ear of the North Somali Elephant (Zlephas africanus OUUCAIST Nin ae sales os osle sah sietanoneiearaiat eGR aa ele euSASRDs ean heen 398

119, Head of Jumbo,” the male West Sudan Elephant formerly belongineytonbhne: Socte tyes tae ieee sie eerie 400

120. Front view of the Skull of the Sudan Elephant (Llephas A ILC ANUS! OMYOLUS) aise Mea sbeu Masses 2 isn, PARENTS © eich eta oe 40]

121. Front view of the Skull of the Albert Nyanza Elephant (Hlenhasyajnicaniusialbetersts) ei een eel ae eae 402 122. Spermathecal sac of Polytoreutus ruwenzorii ......- +02 eee 418 128. Yerminal male organs of Polytoreutus granti .......0. 2.005. 42] 124, Spermathecal sac of Polytoreutus grant? ...............44. 422 125, Spermathecal apparatus of Newmanniella ruwenzori.......... 426 126. Ventral view of Eminoscoler ruwenzorat ... ........+-.-+- 498 127. Terminal male organs of Lminoscoler ruwenzortt ...........5 430

LIST OF NEW GENERIC TERMS

PROPOSED IN THE PRESENT VOLUME (pp. 1-446).

Monodonta (Insecta)...... 69 | Tipuliforma (Insecta) ......... ..

PROCEEDINGS -

OF THE

GENERAL MEETINGS FOR SCIENTIFIC BUSINESS

OF THE

| ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON “eel

1907.

Paces 1-236. CONTAINING PAPERS READ IN

- JANUARY anv FEBRUARY.

JUNE 1907.

PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY, SOLD AT THEIR HOUSE IN HANOVER SQUARE.

LONDON :. MESSRS. LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CoO., ; PATERNOSTER-ROW,

ae —Price Tiuelve Shilings] ERY

aGenal Musee

LIST OF: CONTENTS:

1907, pp. 1-236.

January 15, 1907. Page The Secretary. Report on the Additions to the Society's Menagerie during the months of

November and December, 1906 .......- eee cece cece ee erence Sistele se ueuvenne wistnicuste 1:

Mr. Oldfield Thomas, F.R.S., F.Z.S. Description of a new Monkey from He Ituri

Forest. (Plate 1.) 2... cect eee cect ce cece ees cece ec cece eas essne eens stones 2 1. On a Collection of Mammals made by Dr. Yassal in Annam. By J. Laws Bonnorg,

M.A., F.LS., F.Z.8. (Plate II.) ..... PEPE S Arias) ah eee heen Lay AC Demo ri. & 3 2. On the Bleating” or Drumming of the Snipe (Gallinago cwlestis). By P. H. Baur,

TRAV SAHIN nia epee stalcde 10 gietei is en lace eh amie aoe Re teal emieieieh ty. Uo tate datevale 6 whe lavas feoe Bian iiee ls 3. Contributions to the Knowledge of the Systematic Arrangement and Anatomy of certain

Genera and Species of Squamata. By Franz EB. Bepparp, M.A., F.R.S., Prosector to

bE OCI by sa < vere ia allo eis cie >'» Sie vetets sie eh ee ae a eemar ea aisle Notcetarets A Hatem 14 35 4. A List of Moths of the Family Pyralide collected by A. EH. Pratt in British New Guinea

in 1902-3, with Descriptions of new Species. By Gnorczk H. Kenrick, ¥.Z8.

(Pints WUT, DV) Fie vies otaemie esanclse ale een retrere Pstarete AE Fy Ae a ES oh 68 5. On some new and insufliciently known Species of Marmoset Monkeys from the

Amazonian Region. By Prof, Dr. Bui A. Gorrnr, C.M.ZS., Director of the Para

Museum 2.0.6 cece eee te ee cece reece eet ee tnt et ene cnet eee cette es Arata 88

February 5, 1907. ;

Myr. F. Martin Duncan. Cinematograph exhibition of Animals in the Society’s Gardens

and other Zodloridal Subjects. ceo POH es ihe wo aera 2 wiahinten sian ate acsiate siete tate tetele 100. Mr. Oldfield Thomas, F.R.S., F.Z.S. Exhibition of a collection of Mammals and Birds

from the Islands of Saghalien and Hokkaido ........6..cseeeeeee SR sna c lee SOU

Contents continued on page 3 of Wrapper.

THE ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.

eee

Tuts Society was founded in 1826 by Sir Sramrorp Rarrtes, Mr. J. Sasrnz, Mr. N. A. Vigors, and other eminent Naturalists, for the advancement of Zoology and Animal Physiology, and for the introduction of new and curious subjects of the Animal Kingdom,

and was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1829.

COUNCIL.

HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF BEDFORD, K.G., President.

George A. Bovnenenr, Ese., | P. Caarmers Mrrcnert, Ksa.,

F.R.S., Vice-President. | EAMG iD USton, IDRIbRIB 5. aderatSin. Joun Rosz Braprorp, Ese.,M.D., | Secretary,

D.Sc., F.R.S., Vice-President. || W. R. Ocinyie-Grant, Ese. F. Dawrrey Drewirr, Ese, || Aubert Pam, Esa.

vAG,, M1). | s

M.A., M.D Ki. Lorr Parties, Ese.

CHartes Drummonp, KEsa.,

P | Str Patrick Prayrarr, C.LE. Treasurer. | Srr Epwarp Durano, Br., C.B. Tun Hon. Watrer Roruscatzp,

F. Du Cane Gopman, Hse, | D.Se., M.P. D.C.L., F.R.S., Vice-President. || Howarp Saunpers, Hsq., Vice- President.

Josep Jackson Lasrer, Ese., | M.A., F.RB.S. | Davin Sera-Surra, se.

Srr Epmunp Grows Lopur, Br., | OLDFIELD Tomas, Hse, F.R.S. Vice-Presedent. | A. Truvor-Barryg, Kse., M.A.

Pror. Epwarp ALFRED Mincury, || Henry Woopwarp, Hse., LL.D. M.A. F.R.S., Vice-President.

2

The Society consists of Fellows, and